Program Principle and Approach

Programming Principles


These empowerment processes are crucial forbuilding effective mobilization and strategic action, supporting grassroots organizations and strengthening social movements that represent the wider community and their causes. It is through organizing at different levels that those living in poverty can engage with formal power structures, develop sustainable relationships and create new spaces to hold governments, the private sector and other actors to account, using, for example, social audits and participatory civic action


We build long-term partnerships with organizations and social movements, respecting their autonomy, strengthening their capacities and helping them to share learning across issues, sectors, movements and geographies to build a formidable movement for change. We also work in alliances with many different actors, including NGOs, networks, think tanks, unions, campaigns and progressive companies.

We also seek to hold those with power accountable through critical engagement—for example with governments or the private sector—engaging constructively where possible but being willing to challenge where necessary.

Local Ownership

Local ownership is the idea that people have capacities and resources to support peace and development and to transform conflict. Local ownership begins with local people analyzing their situation and recognizing their capacity to make change.The community is on the inside. They are the primary leaders, healers, and agents of change. And there are many other stakeholders who can help support that inner circle. Local ownership is a question of how those on the outside support those on the inside. In our intervention we engaged community is key stakeholders’ owners who identify their own need and build their capacity to address those using the rights-based approach. 

Human Rights Based Approach

To fulfill human rights means that states must take positive action to facilitate the enjoyment of basic human rights. The responsibilities of all citizens in a democratic society are inseparable from the responsibility to promote human rights. To flourish, both democracy and human rights require people’s active participation.BRD’s approach to development is the Human Rights Based Approach (HRBA). The Declaration on the Rights to Development, adopted by the General Assembly in 1986, laid the foundation of the UN’s rights-based approaches to development, providing its key elements including putting people at the center of development; d realize their rights through:

HRBA objectives

The main objectives of Human Rights Based Approach (HRBA) are to: Strengthen the understanding of rights, i.e., understanding the location, forms, and perpetrators of rights violations; recognizing who is vulnerable and assessing degrees of vulnerability, and recognizing existing power imbalances in society; Ensure accountability and transparency by identifying rights-holders (and their entitlements) and corresponding duty-bearers (and their obligations); Build capacities for the realization of rights so that rights-holders can make claims and duty-bearers can meet their obligations; Facilitate the active and meaningful participation of multiple stakeholders, including people who directly benefit from projects through access to development processes and institutions, improved information, legal redress, and other positive strategies; Create a sense of ownership of development processes through strategies of empowerment that focus on rights-holders both directly and through their advocates and civil society organizations; and Encourage the expression of rights through different mediums of communication and interaction with people across regions.

Human Rights Principles

Human rights reflect universal values and belong to all human beings. Human rights are inalienable, indivisible and interrelated; rights cannot be taken away and different rights depend on and complement each other.

All human beings are entitled to their rights without discrimination of any kind (race, color, sexual orientation or gender identity, ethnicity, age, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, disability, property, or any other reason

Individuals and groups have the right to free, active and meaningful participation in relation to issues that concern them and the development of their society.

States are accountable for respecting, protecting and fulfilling the human rights they have committed to. The HRBA emphasizes accountability relationships between authorities and people instead of focusing merely on donor-partner government accountability.

Cross-cutting objectives


To reduce inequalities between individuals, groups and societies by ensuring that all enjoy human rights, including the most vulnerable and marginalized groups is the key objective of the HRBA. The objective of reducing inequalities means addressing those factors that cause power imbalances or possible discrimination of groups of people or areas.


Climate change directly affects the enjoyment of many human rights such as rights to food, water and health. Using the HRBA to increase climate sustainability means the adoption of appropriate measures and policies to mitigate the impacts of climate change on human rights. Furthermore, applying the HRBA means that mitigation measures take into account vulnerable groups, including and people living in disaster-prone areas


Conflict and poverty are often correlated and they interlink with the human rights performance of the state. In addition, human rights violations can be drivers and consequences of conflict or fragility. Interventions in fragile states need to be based on a comprehensive understanding of the power relations and the root causes of conflict, poverty and human rights challenges. The application of the HRBA is adjusted to legal and political realities in fragile states and in conflict or post-conflict settings.